Menstrual health maintenance

As defined by WHO, Menstrual health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in relation to the menstrual cycle.

Maintaining good menstrual health includes the use of proper and clean menstrual products, sufficient menstrual education and menstrual friendly practices. This will not only lead to feeling comfortable and confident but also help fighting some health issues like Reproductive health challenges.


The preference of sanitary protection material is based on personal choice, economic status, and availability in local market. Chlorine-bleached Kraft or sulphate pulp is used by manufacturers to produce fluff pulp as absorbent used to make disposable sanitary products. Nowadays, many deodorized and non-deodorized sanitary products are available in the market made of synthetic fibre rayon. These deodorized products contain chemicals like organochlorines which have antibacterial activity. Different menstrual products used by women/girls include; tampons, pads, Reusable and Washable Cloth Pads, Tampons, Menstrual Cups. A pad/tampon should be changed every 4-5 hours a day. During the day, bleeding is heavier because there is more activity being done leading to more blood flow and sweat. The night however, is a different story as the body is in relaxing phase. The best you can do is to make use of overnight pads because they are usually thicker and longer to avoid stains on the beddings. Make use of hot water bottles. Sometimes cramps are bearable and other times they are intense. When you get major pains it is advisable to visit a gynecologist or a pharmacist.

Consistent washing of the intimate area is among the physical menstrual practices to improve menstrual health. Following change of the pad, ensure the genital area is cleanly washed. In the scarcity of water or towel to dry the area or time to thoroughly wash area with enough water, use of intimate wipes preferably wet wipes should be used. Always look out for wet wipes that are scentless and balance the area’s PH as those that do not balance the PH can lead to yeast infection and vaginitis.  Breathable clothes are a good choice. Cotton panties and non-tightly fitting clothes are advised. Tightly fitting clothes tend to create a lot more sweat leading to moisture and within that moisture the bacteria will thrive and cause infections and bad odor.

Curb down the cravings. For some this period leads to sugary and fatty foods enjoyment. However, you need to eat rightly in order to avoid bloating, more cramping (carbonated drinks, coffee) and prevent obesity (chips, diary) because during the period the body will burn less calories. The best way to deal is eat rightly throughout your time as a woman(including spinach, lean meats, bananas) or switch up diet whenever you realize you are close to the that period or after.

Have some multivitamins. Especially for a group that bleeds excessively, a lack of iron will surface leading to low moods and extreme fatigue. It is important to visit a pharmacist that will prescribe you some multivitamins that will contain, iron, iodine, selenium and zinc.  Make it a point to rest enough. For some busy days are better because it will keep them up and down forgetting a little of the pain. That is all good however, get time to get a good night sleep and nap in between whenever possible.  Lastly, there is need to always track the period. Periods usually run for 3 to 5 days so when the period goes longer or shorter, it could indicate a serious issue. Visit a gynecologist.

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